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What Is a Discrete GPU and Why Should It Matter to You?

If you're a data scientist who relies heavily on visual models or a designer looking to create visually stunning graphics, then you need a graphics card—ideally, one with a discrete graphics processing unit (GPU). 

GPUs are essential components of modern computers. Every time your computer displays an image on your screen, it uses a GPU to process, create, and enhance them. In this article, we'll discuss what a discrete GPU is, how it differs from an integrated GPU, and why it matters to you.

How Does Graphics Processing Work? 

Graphics processing involves the processing of numerical data from a computer program through a rendering pipeline into the pixel color data needed to create the images, videos, and visual effects you see on a computer screen. When you launch a program that requires visual processing power, the GPU takes over and starts processing the data that is sent from the program. The GPU then converts this data into a form that can be displayed on your screen. The more powerful your GPU, the quicker it can perform these calculations and generate complex visual effects.

What Is a GPU?

A GPU is a specialized electronic circuit designed to accelerate the processing of images and videos. It's the core component responsible for executing complex mathematical and computational tasks required for rendering graphics. GPUs are designed to handle parallel processing efficiently, making them particularly well-suited for tasks like rendering 3D graphics, simulations, machine learning computations, and more.

There are various types of GPUs, and they can be found in everything from smartphones to gaming consoles and high-end personal computers. The type of GPU you need depends on the application or software you're running.

What Is a Graphics Card?

A graphics card is a specialized chip that handles all of the visual processing for the computer. Graphics cards contain GPUs, and they also have dedicated memory, called VRAM, which stores visual data until the image can be displayed on the screen. Other important components of a graphics card include the heatsink, fan, and ports for connecting to displays and power.

A graphics card can do a multitude of things, from simple tasks like displaying text and images to more complex tasks like rendering 3D graphics or running deep learning algorithms. Depending on the application, a graphics card can help your computer run more efficiently and smoothly. The more powerful your graphics card, the more stunning visuals you can create.

What Is a Discrete GPU?

A discrete GPU, also known as a discrete graphics card, is a stand-alone graphics card that is installed in a computer system separately from the central processing unit (CPU). It's called "discrete" because it's a distinct and separate component, as opposed to regular, integrated GPUs, which are built into the same chip as the CPU and lack dedicated memory.

Discrete GPU vs. Integrated GPU

Discrete GPUs are designed to provide higher performance than integrated GPUs. They can offer smoother gameplay in video games and improved performance when running visually intensive applications, such as video editing software or deep learning algorithms. Discrete GPUs are also generally more powerful than integrated GPUs, and thus, they consume more power. 

Discrete vs. Dedicated GPU

These terms are often used interchangeably. Both terms highlight the idea that the GPU is specialized for graphics processing and is not integrated into the same chip as the CPU (unlike integrated GPUs). 

A dedicated GPU typically refers to a graphics processing unit that is dedicated solely to handling graphics-related tasks. This term emphasizes that the GPU's primary purpose is to process graphics and visual data, as opposed to a shared or integrated GPU that may have other functions as well. Dedicated GPUs are often found in systems that require higher graphics performance, such as gaming laptops, workstations, and high-end desktop computers.

Whether you use "discrete GPU" or "dedicated GPU," the implication is that the GPU is a separate component focused on handling graphics tasks.

Can Dedicated GPUs Make a PC Faster? 

Yes, a dedicated GPU can make your PC faster, but this will also depend on the application you're running. If the application requires a lot of visual processing power, such as gaming or video editing, then a dedicated GPU can significantly improve system performance. However, if you're using applications that don't rely heavily on visual processing, such as word processors or email clients, then a dedicated GPU may not make as much of a difference.

How to Tell If Your Computer Has a Discrete GPU

To check whether you have a discrete graphics card, you can open the device manager on your computer and look for the "Display adapters" section. Here you’ll see the GPU that is currently installed on your system. If you have a dedicated graphics card, it will be listed separately from the integrated GPU.

Examples of Discrete and Dedicated Graphics Cards

Some popular examples of discrete graphics cards include the NVIDIA GeForce RTX series and AMD Radeon RX series. These graphics cards are designed for high-end PC gaming and can provide impressive visual performance. On the other hand, integrated GPUs are often found in budget laptops and entry-level desktops, and they are not as powerful as discrete graphics cards.

Why Use GPUs for AI? 

In contrast to the CPU, which excels at sequential processing and is perfect for the general processing tasks needed to run a computer, the GPU’s ability to perform specialized computations in parallel makes them ideal for big data pipelines and AI. AI training is the perfect example of a task that can benefit from distributing similar computational workloads at scale across a fleet of discrete GPUs. They can be optimized to train machine learning algorithms on large data sets at scale to power AI tools such as ChatGPT. 

Harness the power of discrete GPUs and all-flash storage for your end-to-end AI pipeline with AIRI//S™, AI-ready infrastructure by NVIDIA and Pure Storage. >> 

Are Discrete GPUs Worth It? 

Whether a discrete GPU is worth it depends on your needs and budget. If you're a gamer or graphic designer who needs a lot of visual processing power to run the latest games or create stunning graphics, then a discrete GPU is definitely worth the investment. However, if you're using your computer for simple tasks like browsing the web, then a discrete GPU may not be necessary.


Discrete GPUs can vary in price from under $100 to over $1,000, depending on the brand and model. Higher-end GPUs, like the NVIDIA RTX 3080 or AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT, are more expensive than entry-level GPUs but offer significant performance gains for gaming and high-end visual work. Budget-conscious buyers can get entry-level GPUs for around $150.


Discrete graphics cards offer significantly better performance than integrated GPUs in visually intensive applications, such as video editing and gaming. A high-end discrete graphics card can deliver smooth, high frame rates and stunning visual effects in the latest games, while an integrated GPU may struggle to keep up.

Energy Use 

Discrete GPUs consume significantly more power than integrated GPUs, which can lead to higher energy bills. Additionally, some high-end GPUs require additional power connectors from the power supply, which can further increase energy usage. However, the energy consumption of a discrete GPU is generally proportional to its performance, so a high-performance GPU will consume more power than a low-end GPU.


With the discrete GPU market expected to surpass $166 billion by 2029, it’s clear that discrete GPUs are going to be an important part of computer graphics for some time to come. For avid gamers, graphic designers, and data scientists, a discrete GPU opens doors to unparalleled experiences and efficiency gains, elevating the quality of gameplay, visual output, and data processing. However, for tasks that do not heavily rely on specialized parallel processing, the benefits of a discrete GPU might not be as pronounced. As technology continues to advance, with GPUs evolving to offer higher performance and richer capabilities, individuals should evaluate their needs to make informed choices.

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